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Adult Ed, Sessions on the Sacraments, part 2 – Baptism and Confirmation
Baptism in Scripture:
The Spirit moved over the waters (Gen 1:2)
The Flood brought an end to evil and a new beginning of goodness (Gen 6:1ff)
Moses led the people through the waters of the Red Sea (Ex 14:1ff)
Joshua led God’s people through the water of the river Jordan into the promised land (Jos 3:1ff)
John foretells the baptism of Jesus as being of “water and the Spirit” (Mt 3:11)
Jesus states that it is necessary to be “born of the Spirit” (Jn 3:5-7)
Jesus and his disciples baptized in the beginning of his ministry (Jn 3:22; 4:1-2)
Jesus commands his disciples to baptize all peoples (Mk 16:15-16)
Jesus commands that the disciples baptize all in “the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (Mt 28:19)
From the first public preaching of the Church, there has been baptism – as testified by St Peter on Pentecost (Acts 2:38-39)
The Sacrament of Baptism:
Minister: Anyone (even a non-baptized who intends to do what the Church does)
Recipient: Any non-baptized person (you can only be baptized once)
Matter: Flowing water (must be true water)
Form: “I baptize you in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”
Effects: removal of all sin (original and actual), indelible mark or sacramental character, entry into the Church, adopted as a child of God, temple of the Holy Spirit, the seven gifts and all the infused gifts, heaven is opened.
Is baptism truly necessary?
“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” (Jn 3:5)
Instituted at Pentecost – balsam (tongues) and olive oil (of fire).
Necessary – in the way a boat is needed to get to Italy
Growth to adulthood – made able to spread and defend the true faith, a soldier of Christ